Pemphigus Vulgaris

J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2015;17(4):213-5. doi: 10.3109/14764172.2015.1007063. Epub 2015 Feb 13.

Hailey-Hailey disease improved by fractional CO2 laser.

Campuzano-García AE1, Torres-Alvarez B, Hernández-Blanco D, Castanedo-Cázares JP.

Author information

  • 1Department of Dermatology, Hospital Central Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí , San Luis Potosi , México.

Abstract

Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD), also known as benign familial pemphigus, is an autosomal dominant skin condition that affects the adhesion of epidermal keratinocytes. Although the initial manifestation of flaccid vesicles on erythematous or normal skin in flexure sites frequently goes unnoticed, large, macerated, exudative plaques of superficial erosions with crusting are observed at the time of diagnosis. There is no specific treatment for HHD, and most cases are symptomatically supported. However, infrared laser ablation has been somewhat helpful. We present a case successfully treated with fractional CO2 laser showing a long-term favourable outcome and no adverse effects. Thus, this modality could be an alternative to full ablation for this condition.

Med Pregl. 2014 Jan-Feb;67(1-2):38-42.

Pemphigus vulgaris and laser therapy: crucial role of dentists.

Pavli V, Aleksi VV, Zubovi N, Veselinovi V.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Pemphigus vulgaris is a relatively rare, chronic, autoimmune vesiculobullous disorder characterized by formation of intraepithelial vesiculae and/or bullae in the skin and mucous membrane. Systemic steroids are considered to be the standard first-line therapy for pemphigus vulgaris. However, for patients unresponsive to standard therapy, the new treatment modalities are being sought. Low-level laser therapy has been accepted as an alternative or adjunctive treatment modality for many conditions in medicine and dentistry. Therefore, this study was aimed at presenting the effects of low-level laser therapy in the treatment of pemphigus vulgaris and to emphasize the crucial role of dentists in early recognition and diagnosis of pemphigus vulgaris.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The articles published until May 2013 were obtained from the Medline/PubMed online database, using following search terms and key words: “laser therapy” and “pemphigus vulgaris”, “low-level laser irradiation” and “pemphigus vulgaris”, “lasers” and “pemphigus vulgaris” and “pemphigus vulgaris”.

RESULTS:

Low-level laser therapy could result in immediate and significant analgesia and improved wound healing within the observation period and follow-up. Furthermore, a decrease in patients’ discomfort as well as the absence of recurrence of the pemphigus vulgaris lesions has been claimed.

CONCLUSION:

Even though available literature suggests that low-level laser therapy can be efficiently used in treatment of oral pemphigus vulgaris, either independently or as a part of combined therapy approach, these results should be interpreted with caution since there are no solid evidence-based proofs to provide the guidelines for the treatment of pemphigus vulgaris with low-level laser therapy. Therefore, further long-term randomized controlled clinical studies are necessary in order to give any solid recommendations on the use of low-level laser therapy in the treatment of pemphigus vulgaris.

Lasers Med Sci. 2012 Sep;27(5):1103-6. doi: 10.1007/s10103-012-1101-8. Epub 2012 Apr 27.

Low-level laser therapy on the treatment of oral and cutaneous pemphigus vulgaris: case report.

Minicucci EM1, Miot HA, Barraviera SR, Almeida-Lopes L.

Author information

  • 1Department of Dermatology and Radiotherapy, Botucatu School of Medicine of São Paulo State University-UNESP, Distrito de Rubião Júnior s/n, 18 618-000, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

Pemphigus vulgaris is a chronic autoimmune mucocutaneous disease that initially is manifested by painful intraoral erosions and ulcers which spread to other mucosa and the skin, generally more than 5 months after oral lesion manifestation. The treatment consists of prednisone alone or in combination with an immunosuppressive agent, and the clinical response is perceived within 2 to 4 weeks. Low-level laser therapy has been effective in accelerating the healing of injured tissue, thus inducing cell proliferation and increasing ATP, nucleic acid, and collagen synthesis. We reported two cases of pemphigus vulgaris that received systemic treatment associated with low-level laser therapy for oral and cutaneous lesions. We observed prompt analgesic effect in oral lesions and accelerated healing of oral and cutaneous wounds. Therefore, the present report suggests LLLT as a noninvasive technique that should be considered as an adjuvant therapy in oral and skin disorders in patients with PV.

Photomed Laser Surg. 2009 Oct;27(5):825-8.

Laser light may improve the symptoms of oral lesions of cicatricial pemphigoid: a case report.

Oliveira PC, Reis Junior JA, Lacerda JA, Silveira NT, Santos JM, Vitale MC, Pinheiro AL.

Laser Center, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to report the handling of a patient suffering from cicatricial pemphigoid (CP) treated with laser phototherapy (LPT) and systemic steroids. BACKGROUND DATA: CP is a group of rare chronic autoimmune blistering diseases that predominately affect the mucous membranes and occasionally the skin. The gingiva is most commonly involved, followed by the palate and the buccal mucosa. High-dosage systemic steroids are widely used for its treatment. LPT has been shown to improve wound healing and relieve pain. Its efficacy depends on the amount of energy delivered to the tissue, exposure time, and delivery method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A white 47-y-old man with CP who used systemic steroids for the previous 5 y was examined at our clinic. Extra- and intraoral examination revealed classic signs of the condition. LPT (GaAlAs diode laser, 660 nm wavelength, 30 mW, continuous wave, diameter approximately 3 mm, 60 J/cm(2) per session) was used in association with the steroids. LPT was performed in a punctual contact manner every other day on the oral mucosa. Maintenance of the treatment was carried out weekly because interruption of the LPT resulted in the recurrence of the lesions. At the time that this report was written, the patient had been undergoing twice weekly treatments for 6 months without signs of lesion recurrence. CONCLUSION: Concomitant use of systemic steroids and LPT showed a positive effect on controlling oral CP lesions and on improving both oral health and the quality of life of the patient.