Nocturnal Enuresis

 

Scand J Urol. 2014 Dec;48(6):559-64. doi: 10.3109/21681805.2014.922609. Epub 2014 Jun 9.

Combined laser acupuncture and desmopressin for treating resistant cases of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis: a randomized comparative study.

Moursy EE1, Kamel NF, Kaseem AF.

Author information

  • 1Urology Department, Sohag Faculty of Medicine , Sohag , Egypt.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) is a common sociomedical problem affecting children that may persist until adulthood despite various lines of therapy. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of combined laser acupuncture and desmopressin in managing patients with resistant MNE, compared with their efficacy when used as monotherapy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The study included 186 patients with a mean age of 15.7 years (range 10-21 years) presenting with persistent MNE. All patients were evaluated clinically and investigated with urine analysis, plain X-ray of the urinary tract and abdominal ultrasonography. They were randomized into three equal groups based on the line of management: group A, managed with laser acupuncture alone; group B, managed with desmopressin alone; and group C, managed with a combination of laser acupuncture and desmopressin, with a treatment course of 3 months and follow-up period of 6 months to record the efficacy of therapy, side-effects and bladder capacity.

RESULTS:

A statistically significant higher cure rate was reported in group C patients, being reported in 33, 35 and 46 patients in groups A, B and C, respectively. Improvement was reported in 18, 17 and 13 cases in groups A, B and C, respectively, but the difference was not statistically significant. Bladder capacity significantly increased only in patients receiving acupuncture (groups A and C).

CONCLUSION:

Combined laser acupuncture and desmopressin is a promising and valid option to manage resistant cases of MNE.

Urologe A. 2004 Jul;43(7):803-6

Laser acupuncture as third-line therapy for primary nocturnal enuresis.  First results of a prospective study.

[Article in German]

Heller G, Langen PH, Steffens J.

Klinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie, St.-Antonius-Hospital Eschweiler.iliafide@aol.com

Laser acupuncture is a painless, non-invasive, and cost effective treatment for children with therapy resistant monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. This kind of acupuncture is an alternative treatment with positive results. Currently, we are treating 24 children (22 males, 2 females) out of a planned 200 children aged between 5 and 12 years. These patients have had a classic monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. Up to now, school medicine therapy has been unsuccessful. Over 3 months, we treated the children once a week with acupuncture, inserting at the following points: medial Ren 3, bilateral Ma 36, bilateral Mi 6, bilateral Bl 33, medial Ren 6, medial Ex B5.A better enuresis frequency was achieved in 21 out of the 24 children (87.5%). Before the end of the 12th treatment, six of the 24 children (25%) were completely dry and 16 (66.6%) had an enuresis frequency reduced by more than half after the 12th treatment.

Curr Opin Urol. 2002 Jul;12(4):317-20

Nocturnal enuresis.

Djurhuus JC, Rittig S.

Institute of Experimental Clinical Research, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby Section, Denmark. jcd@iekf.au.dk

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight and comment upon important areas of enuresis research. RECENT FINDINGS: Current areas of pathophysiological focus are nocturnal urine production, in which alternative mechanisms other than deficient vasopressin secretion has been implicated in some patients. Bladder reservoir function has gained renewed interest, and has proved to be one of the best predictors of treatment response to desmopressin. Various aspects of central nervous system function, including arousability and pontine reflexes, are in focus, and molecular genetics has provided firm evidence of a link between enuresis and different chromosomal markers. The therapeutic focus is directed towards a differential approach based upon the underlying mechanism and towards combination therapies such as alarm devices and desmopressin as well as anticholinergic agents and desmopressin. Furthermore, new exciting treatment concepts such as laser acupuncture have shown promising results in initial studies. SUMMARY: Despite recent advances in our understanding of nocturnal enuresis, we are still far from understanding in detail this socially discomfiting and scientifically intriguing condition, and many controversies remain. However, the substantiation that enuresis is a heterogeneous condition that requires a differential approach has provided the basis for further progress.

Eur Urol. 2001 Aug;40(2):201-5

Prospective randomized trial using laser acupuncture versus desmopressin in the treatment of nocturnal enuresis.

Radmayr C, Schlager A, Studen M, Bartsch G.

Department of Urology, University of Innsbruck, Austria. Christian.Radmayr@uibk.ac.at

OBJECTIVES: Several treatment modalities for children suffering from monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis are available, but desmopressin is a well-established option. On the other hand, alternative nonpharmacological therapies such as laser acupuncture are more frequently requested by the parents. To our knowledge, there is no prospective randomized trial which evaluated the efficacy of such an alternative approach in comparison with the widespread use of desmopressin.

METHODS: Forty children aged over 5 years presenting with primary nocturnal enuresis underwent a previous evaluation of their voiding function to assure normal voiding patterns and a high nighttime urine production. Then the children were randomized into two groups: group A children were treated with desmopressin alone, and group B children underwent laser acupuncture. All children were investigated after a minimum follow-up period of 6 month to evaluate the duration of the response.

RESULTS: The children of both groups had an initial mean frequency of 5.5 wet nights per week. After a minimum follow-up period of 6 months reevaluation revealed a complete success rate of 75% in the desmopressin-treated group. Additional 10% of the children had a reduction of their wet nights of more than 50%. On the other hand, 6 months after laser acupuncture, 65% of the randomized children were completely dry. Another 10% had a reduction of the enuresis frequency of more than 50% per week. 20% of the children in the desmopressin-treated group did not respond at all as compared with 15% in the acupuncture-treated group. Statistical evaluation revealed no significant differences among the response rates in both groups.

CONCLUSION: Im comparison with pharmacological therapy using desmopressin, our study shows that laser acupuncture should be taken into account as an alternative, noninvasive, painless, cost-effective, and short-term therapy for children with primary nocturnal enuresis in case of a normal bladder function and high nighttime urine production. Success rates indicated no statistically significant differences between the well-established desmopressin therapy and the alternative laser acupuncture.