Myopia

Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 2009 Sep-Oct;(5):37-9.

Effect of infrared low-intensity laser therapy on orbital blood circulation in children with progressive shortsightedness.

 

[Article in Russian]

Shurygina IP, Khadzhieva MR.

This work was designed to study effect of low-intensity infrared laser radiation (LIIRR) on orbital circulation in children with progressive progressive short-handedness. Parameters of the blood flow in the orbital artery, central retinal artery, and posterior ciliary artery were evaluated in a total of 88 patients at the age from 6 to 14 years. The study group (group 1) comprised 66 children with moderately severe progressive myopia (112 eyes), the control one (group 2) included 22 patients without visual disturbances (44 eyes). Patients of group 1 received physiotherapy for the treatment of significantly deteriorated hemodynamics in the orbital region. Indirect action of LIIRR on the orbital region promoted stabilization of short-handedness in 78.8% of the treated patients. It is concluded that the method described in this paper is clinically efficient and may be recommended for the prevention of progressive myopia in children.

Vestn Oftalmol. 2005 Mar-Apr;121(2):5-8.

Progressing myopia in children: does it need treatment or not?

[Article in Russian]

Tarutta EP, Iomdina EN, Akhmedzhanova EV.

The purpose of the case study was to evaluate the remote consequences of a complex of laser and repeated surgical sclerorestorative procedures made in progressing myopia and its complications. Three hundred and forty-six children, aged 8-10, with rapidly progressing uncomplicated myopia of 4.25 to 9.5 D were shared between 2 groups. Two hundred and forty patients of the experimental group were made sclerorestorative procedures and transscleral low-energy laser stimulation of the ciliary muscle by means of infrared laser MACDEL-09. No such treatment was applied to patients of the control group. When indicated, preventive laser coagulation of the retina was made in both groups. The dynamic 10-year follow-up over the status of refraction and eye bottom showed that the complex scheme of repeated sclerorestorative procedures and low-energy laser treatment combined with preventive peripheral laser coagulation of the retina cut the rate of progressing myopia and prevented peripheral vitreoretinal dystrophy and retinal detachment in children and teenagers with progressing myopia.

Ofthalmol Zh.  1990;(1):39-42.

Laser puncture in the combined treatment of a weak degree of myopia in schoolchildren.

[Article in Russian]
Tsikova TD.

Abstract

To increase effectiveness of treatment, the influence of laser puncture on some functional indices of myopic eyes has been studied. Comparative analysis of results after laser puncture used as an independent method in 45 children (85 eyes)–group I, and in a complex accommodation-convergence system, of the eye in 66 children (130 eyes)–group II, has shown that laser puncture has a positive influence on visual acuity and accommodation-convergence system. As compared with group I, in group II normalization of functional indices (reserves of accommodation, convergence and divergence) begins earlier and stability of the results obtained is higher.

Treatment of myopia with helium-neon laser stimulation

Rabadanova M G et al.

A new technique of stimulating the ciliary muscle in cases of progressing myopia is described. The positive results have been confirmed through measurement of the intraocular pressure, refraction reduction and increase of visual acuity.